Celebrities have long been vocal when it comes to causes they believe in, and the latest celeb to speak out, specifically on polio, is singer Rihanna, who performed at the Global Citizen Festival held in NYC earlier this month. The festival is an annual event that is “an action-rewarded, awareness driven free music festival where fans engage with causes in order to win tickets,” according to the Global Citizen website.
During a video message aired during the festival, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau lauded Rihanna for her support saying, “Lately my office has been flooded with phone calls and tweets from many of you. Thanks Rihanna! I’ve heard your voices loud and clear on a whole range of issues—from supporting the eradication of polio, to ensuring every girl everywhere has the chance to go to school. Canada has long supported efforts to fight polio, which is now 99.9 percent eliminated. And we will be a strong partner through to the end. Thank you for keeping these issues on our global agenda. Keep calling, keep tweeting, keep lighting up our switchboards. We’re listening, and we’re taking action. You’ve shown to the world that change starts with you. Together, we will end it for good.”
The Rotary Club has committed $100 million to prevent the resurgence of polio, according to Bisi Adegoke, a Rotary leader in Africa, who disclosed that $33 million was contributed by Rotarians across the country while the other $66 million came from the Rotary’s endowment fund. The financial push comes after new cases of polio popped up in Nigeria, a country that was declared polio-free in 2014. He listed water and sanitation, disease prevention, economic empowerment, and maternal healthcare as the main areas of intervention by the organization, and that doctors from as far away as Indian were being trained in polio healthcare management and surgery.
As a measure to help curb the spread of polio in eastern Nigeria, health officials have begun administering polio vaccines at military checkpoints in that part of the country. According to one official, approximately 80 children are being vaccinated each day at one of the checkpoints. The additional measures comes at the heels of several polio cases being reported in Nigeria, an African nation that had been declared polio-free in 2014. Officials site the hesitation of some parents allowing their children to get the life-saving vaccination as cause for administering immunizations at checkpoints. Those who don’t comply will not be allowed to reenter the state.
In an op-ed, Erna Solberg, prime minister of Norway and co-chair of the U.N. Secretary General’s Sustainable Development Goals Advocacy Group, discusses the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The agenda is a “plan of action for people, planet, and prosperity” whose mission it is to increase the quality of life of people worldwide, according to the U.N. While the agenda focuses on tackling extreme poverty and illiteracy, Solberg says it also focuses on polio eradication.
“Despite the remarkable progress we have made thanks to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, spearheaded by Rotary International, our work is not yet complete,” she writes. “The existence of polio anywhere poses a threat to all of us everywhere. There are still cases of polio in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. In cooperation with the U.N. and other actors, these countries must do what it takes to make the final push to eradicate polio. With determination and cooperation, we can reach every last child and administer a 13-cent vaccine to ensure that children everywhere are protected from the devastating effects of the disease.”
Despite being diagnosed with polio as a child, powerlifter Ahmed Shafik eventually became an athlete for the Iraqi Paralympic team. But because his country’s Olympic committee was disappointed with his performance, he was jailed for one year. After being released, he fled Iraq and moved to the United States as a refugee. Eventually he became an American citizen and soldier, and today is a member of the U.S. Paralympic team.
Now in his early 40s, he has reacquainted himself with the sport and concluded his career as a powerlifter by coming in sixth place during the men’s competition at the Rio 2016 Paralympics earlier this month.
“We are proud that he represented the USA,” says his couch, Mary Hodge, calling him “a hard-working, dedicated athlete who sets high goals and [works] hard to achieve them.”
Just a year after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Nigeria polio-free, several new cases of the disease cropped up in the African nation, and officials are shifting their focus to ensure that more cases don’t appear. All three cases were confirmed in areas of the Borno state liberated from Boko Haram, an Islamic militant group. Dr. Chima Ohuabunwo, an epidemiologist who has been working with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Nigeria, says that parts of Borno were cut off from the rest of the world by the militant group, leaving locals with little to no access to healthcare.
At the age of three, doctors diagnosed Srilatha KS with polio. Now 33 years old and living in Bengaluru, India, she recalls how the diagnosis changed her life. Today she works for IBM India and won the “Miss Beautiful Smile” title at the Miss Wheelchair India pageant in 2015. She recalls that being hired by IBM three years ago was what set her path in a new direction. Prior to landing her current job as a senior practitioner in accounts, she was unable to afford a wheelchair and, losing the ability to walk at such a young age resulted in her having to crawl everywhere. In this interview, she discusses her struggles with polio and how she didn’t let her diagnosis hold her back from a career.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed a third case of polio in Nigeria. According to reports, the patient is a toddler living in Monguno, a local government area located in the state of Borno that was recently liberated from Boko Haram extremists. The new case comes on the heels of Nigeria being declared a polio-free nation last year, a huge step in the war against polio, however two new cases came to light last month. Experts are concerned that more cases could crop up in the area in the coming weeks. To help halt polio’s spread, Rotary International has ramped up its vaccination efforts during an emergency immunization drive that has so far immunized 1.5 million children in the region, however it’s believe that children at most risk of being infected reside in areas too dangerous to access by healthcare workers.
Reports are coming in from Pakistani police that gunmen have killed Dr. Zaka Ullah, a physician who was instrumental in an anti-polio drive in Peshawar, Pakistan. The shooting took place on Monday while he was returning home from evening prayers, but it remains unclear whether he was targeted for his role in the country’s anti-polio campaign. In the past, Islamic militants have attacked healthcare and vaccination centers helping in the fight against polio, as they perceive it to be part of a Western conspiracy to sterilize children or collect intelligence.
In a video interview, Micaela Martinez, PhD, postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University, discusses how vector seasonality can potentially be used to eradicate polio worldwide. According to Martinez, polio outbreaks are more common in the summer, but often in countries where the wild poliovirus is still prevalent, such as Afghanistan and Pakistan, mass polio drives take place during the cooler months, since the oral polio vaccine needs to be kept cold. In the cooler months, when polio transmission is low, is the best time to conduct drives, since the virus is much more vulnerable then, according to Martinez, and that health officials should use a similar approach.